These guidelines are intended to help the author (s) in the preparation of manuscripts for publication in the Journal of IPPTA and being compiled by the Editorial Board constituted by the IPPTA Executive Committee. The requirements outlined below also apply to those papers which are to be delivered in IPPTA conferences and entering for Annual awards offered through IPPTA, be various sponsors.
IPPTA may refuse to publish a manuscript which does not meet the standards set forth in the Guidelines for Author
Subject to review and qualification as given below IPPTA will accept papers and short communications for publication from prospective author (s), covering all the disciplines relating to forestry, forest management, wood technology, pulp, paper and allied technology. Please specifically mention for the papers which are to be published in “Short Communication” column. The qualifications for the papers to be published in short communication column are explained elsewhere.
Manuscripts in English, not published or to published else where may be submitted to IPPTA for possible publication. The manuscripts so submitted will be referred to one or more members of the Editorial Board, as well as by competent referee upon whose recommendations, the article will be accepted for publication.
Papers normally accepted for publication are those which in the opinion of the referees.
- Report new findings of importance to the industry from an individual or group, based on the original work or experience.
- Present a concise review on any field in the pulp and paper technology, provided in the opinion of the referees, such a review has sufficiently wide interest or special technical value to merit publication.
- Short communication on the work carried out only on a shorter duration but which in the opinion of the author (s) has a scope for further improvement or refinement of the technique through extended research/study.
IPPTA will not accept for publication, paper (s) containing the same or substantially the same material as already published.
Papers accepted for Publication and/or published in IPPTA are the sole copyright of IPPTA.
GENERAL FORMAT IN TYPING:
The paper should be typed on one side of a good quality white paper of A4 size using double spacing. Margins should be liberal at top, bottom and sides and not less than 30 mm.
All pages should be numbered serially.
Do not underline words in the text for emphasis. Underlining should only be done for certain scientific names (such as those of general and species) to indicate that they are to be italicized.
Tabulate several spaces at the start of each new paragraph.
The general format in typing specially the paper size and spacing should strictly be followed, otherwise the paper (s) will be returned to the author (s) for corrective action.
LENGTH AND SELECTION OF MATERIAL:
A published paper is meant for information to others. Hence, it should be written clearly in a concise form. The text should not be repetitive and should confine only to the scope of the subject matter; normally as article should be limited to a maximum of 6000 words or 8 printed pages.
Author (s) is warned that any article exceeding the limit is liable for rejection or may be sent back for being suitably compressed before being sent to referees for their opinion.
The condensation or editing of the contents of the paper (s) is solely the responsibility of the author (s) and not of the Editor (s) of IPPTA.
As a general rule papers should be written in the third person but occasionally first person may be used e.g. when expressing personal opinions of contentious nature.
It is an utmost necessity of an article that the text should detail accurately and exactly the meaning of the whole aim of the project or the investigation. Short sentences in plain words achieve this in a better manner. Use correct English and avoid colloquialism.
- GENERAL ARRANGEMENT:
A better technical paper is a one which shows a logical continuity in presentation, whether or not headings are used to indicate such continuity. A sequence of presentation which IPPTA desires that the prospective author should follow, is outlined below-
- Title of the paper, author (s) and their organization
- Literature Review
- Results and Discussion
- Acknowledgements (if any)
- Literature Cited
- Tables (attach separately)
- Figures (attach separately)
- Appendices (if any)
- Nomenclature (list Greek letters separately but in the same column)
The title of the paper should be typed in Capital Letters and placed centrally. The title is the key as to whether or not a paper is to be read. Therefore, the title should brief, catchy if possible and should contain key words of the contents of the paper. Don’t frame a title exceeding 12/15 words. A lengthy title is likely to be miscopied, misquoted and distorted.
The following is the general example (s) of title, expression and placement:
THE MECHANICS OF THE EDGEWISE COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF PAPER
SODA-AQ PULPING OF RICE STRAW
KRAFT CO-COOKING OF BINARY CHIPS (PINUS ROXBURGII: EUCALYPTUS TERETICORNIS (70:30))
The author (s) name should follow the title of the paper. If the author has only one name this should be given in full e.g. Subhash Chandra, Surendra etc. The author who has been called by his surname, should give the initials first followed by surname e.g. M.K. Upadhyaya. In case of the author (s) whose first name has to be printed, give the initials and then the first name by underlining the first name e.g. G.V. Shankar.
Do not give the designation, but only give the affiliation to an organization, with its address. Also mention your IPPTA Membership status (Associate, Active, Student etc.) This will enable the Editorial Board to give preference to the articles of IPPTA Members. Place these as a note between ruled lines at the bottom of the sheet.
Summary under central heading “SUMMARY” and not underlined should be placed just below the author (s) name.
A short summary, no longer than one typewritten A4 page (approximately 200 words) should be preferable. Positive and specific statements should be made in the summary e.g. “The addition of 5 percent TiO2 to a mixed furnish of bamboo and rag pulp increased the opacity as well as the brightness by around 40 percent compared to the individual component addition “but not as” the addition of TiO2 to a mixed furnish has an additive effect in optical properties. In its full format the title, author)s) summary and authors affiliation should look as given below-
THERMO MECHANICAL PULPING (TMP) OF CHEMICALLY IMPREGNATED BAMBOO (D. STRICT US) CHIPS
Surendra *, Upadhyay M. K. **, Shankar G. V. ***
MAYUR PAPER MILLS, POLLACHI (TAMIL NADU)
** Non Member
*** Student Member
Do not type introduction as a title even though in introduction generally is written. Place it as the first paragraph of the article describing why the article has been written, but without giving too lengthy background. Usually no results are mentioned in the introduction.
An extension to the introduction is the literature review. Title it separately as LITERATURE (in capitals without underlining) and placing it in the center.
Short communications, as already mentioned, are the most preferred form for reporting results of routine nature carried out for a short duration. In short communication clubs both the introduction and the literature review together without giving titles to both.
Each literature referred should be numbered in order of their first appearance in the text. These numbers should be underlined, placed in parenthesis and follow the cited author’s name. e.g. while discussing the tear mode in an enplane tear tester, Page et al (1) and Van den Akker et al (2) have pointed out that ………….
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION:
The present trend is to place the results and discussion first before describing the methods and materials used in the experiments. Since the heart of the scientific paper is what the result is obtained from the experiments and its implications, it is appropriate to discuss it first. You may have voluminous data to use here but all results which are not of primary value in supporting the conclusions should be ruthlessly omitted or relegated to appendix tables.
Avoid repetition in the text, of data contained in tables, graphs and illustrations. Reserve the text for drawing attention only to high light the unexpected and the significant.
Conclusions and recommendations should be presented in clear, crisp sentences. Avoid the temptation of rambling at the end of the paper. If the numbers of conclusions drawn or the recommendations suggested are too many, list them in the order of importance.
The method of problem solution, experimental procedure, sampling technique, statistical analysis, materials used and other information necessary to depict properly the subsequent results and conclusions are to be placed in this column. Never write lengthy description of the analytical procedure used. Just mention the source of reference for testing pulp and paper and as well as fibrous and non-fibrous raw material. Follow either one of the following standards. ISI, ISO, TAPPI, SCAN, APPITA or DIN; Give the clear official number of the testing procedure.
If the work is done at a sponsored laboratory or involves the propriety of a company or if the project is financed by an institution or company. Please insert appropriate acknowledgement in the end.
Citations taken from the abstracting journals or from any publication other than the original must be given the original source, but should be mentioned if the abstract only was consulted. The order of expression should be Author’s name, initials, name of the journal underlined, volume number underlined, issue number (in parenthesis) page number, year of publication (in parenthesis).
EXAMPLES ARE AS GIVEN BELOW:
- Pye, I.T., - Pulp & Paper Can 72 (5): T 167 (1971).
- Sloman, A.R., - Appita 14 (2) : 57 (1960)
- Kay, P., “Colloids”, Elsevier Inc 7th Ed. 1972; Vol. I, PP 47, 48
- Brailler, P.S., and Morkicke, E.S., “Ground Wood Bleaching Process” U S Patent 2, 359, 891 (Oct, 10 1944).
- “Internal Tearing Resistance of Paper” TAPPI Standard T 414 ts-614 (TAPPI Press).
Tables should be complete and comprehensive without reference to the accompanying text. In the text where the table is quoted, put between block the table number as follows-
Take in Table 1
Place each table on a separate sheet under the caption TABLE, written in capital and placed centrally with appropriate number. Set below the TABLE, title of the table in capitals. Keep the tables as simple as possible. Omit all the irrelevant data. Complicated tables are extremely difficult to reproduce and often can not be reduced to printable size. A common logic is that a long table is always skipped by the readers because it is tedious, leading to boredom. Try to put only the salient data in the table (with their proper implication and interpretation in the text). If the table has to necessarily include data which may make the table lengthier, try to split them into two or more tables, giving appropriate titles. An example for the layout of the table is as given below –
TABLE – 5
EFFECT OF AQ ADDITION ON THE YIELD AT CONSTANT H-FACTOR OF 1250 (Pinus radiate)
Conditions Percent AQ Addition
0.000 0.025 0.050 0.075
OD chips (Kg)
% Effective alkali
% Sulphidity (NaOH)
Cooking Temp (0C)
In printing the figures, certain requirements are compulsory. Badly prepared figures will be sent back to author (s) for redrawing which is always tedious and delays publication of the papers. If certain rules are followed, this trouble could be thoroughly avoided.
- (i) Make all the drawings by a waterproof black ink on white drawing paper. Figures drawn on the tracing sheet give the best reproducibility. If a graph is figured use pale blue or pale grey ruled graph paper. Don’t use green graph papers. A set of photocopies should accompany the drawings. Please don’t fold the tracings. Avoid wrinkles. In the text where the figure is to be inserted, place the figure number in a box as given below –
Take in Figure 1
- (ii) See appendix A and B for figure representation, lettering sizes and figure dimensions for lettering the figures (except the caption). For photographs please provide a glossy black and white photograph preferably in the standard 12.5 cm × 18 cm (Post Card Size). Write the title of the figures with the author (s) name in pencil on the backside of the photographs.
- (iii) To avoid excessive reduction in size place the drawings in a frame not greater than 250 mm × 200 mm.
- (iv) Figure numbers and captions should be listed on a separate sheet and attached to the typescript. They should be typed in lower case except for the initial letter of the first word and no full stop should be used.
The author (s) name (s) and the title of the paper should be clearly written, lightly in pencil on the back of each illustration. All illustrations should be numbered consecutively in a single series using Arabic numerals.
Legend to the curves, designation of parts of apparatus etc. should be within the boundaries of the illustrations and not underneath, or above it. Keep the number of illustrations to the minimum required for a clear understanding. If the data is represented in a table, don’t make a figure for it.
Appendix is a place where lengthy mathematical calculations and derivations are shown. Please keep the appendix as minimum as possible.
Greek letters and other abbreviations used in the formulae mentioned in the text has to be separately appended under the separate heading nomenclature. SI units are the standards that are being used worldwide. IPPTA is also no exception to it. Please use SI units in your manuscripts on all illustrations. A guide for SI units is appended in Appendix C, for your easy reference.
SUBMISSION OF PAPERS FOR PUBLICATION:
One copy of the typescript and illustrations, and a separate typed sheet of caption for figures should be sent to the following address –
The Secretary General
Indian Pulp & Paper Technical Association
P.O. Box No. 47
C.P.P.R.I. Campus, Paper Mill Road,
Near Himmat Nagar
Saharanpur – 247001 (UP) INDIA
The author should retain a copy of the article with him for reference in subsequent correspondence with the Secretary General.
Note: Papers presented in the IPPTA Conference are not necessarily to be published in IPPTA magazine, but will be given preference for publication. If the author (s) wishes that such paper (s) is to be published, he should send so in writing, along with the manuscripts, preparing the manuscripts as per the guidelines.
Note: A paper presented elsewhere in a conference other than IPPTA conferences, if to be published in IPPTA magazine should carry a foot note mentioning the Conference details and necessary permission from the concerned organization.